||The House of Representatives adopts the
Wilmot Proviso. This Proviso would bar slavery from any territory acquired
from Mexico, however, the Senate rejects this proviso.
||Its population swelled by the recent Gold
Rush, California is admitted into the union as a free state.
||In return for California's free state
standing, slaveholders in the South are granted a stringent Fugitive Slave
Law for the recapture of runaways.