Sydney Howard Gay
Born in Hingham, Massachusetts, Sydney Howard Gay (1814-88) abandoned the study of law in his fatherís office because he had embraced the nonresistant principles of Garrisonian abolitionists. After lecturing for the American Anti-Slavery Society in the early 1840s, Gay edited its official newpaper, the New York City-based National Anti-Slavery Standard, from 1844 to 1858. From there he went to work for the New York Tribune, serving as that Republican paperís managing editor during the Civil War. Gay held the same position at the Chicago Tribune (1868-71), devoting most of his energies to writing popular histories and biographies. Appletonís Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 6 vols. (New York, 1888-89) 2:618; National Cyclopaedia of American Biography (New York, 1898), 2:494; Dictionary of American Biography, 20 vols. (New York, 1928-36), 7:195.