Secondary Works on the History of the American Abolitionist Movement

 

Complied by Jack McKivigan, Rich Newman, and Stan Harrold

 

Abbott, Richard H. Cotton & Capital: Boston Businessmen and Antislavery Reform, 1854-1868. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1991.

Abzug, Robert. Cosmos Crumbling: American Reform and the Religious Imagination. New York: Oxford, 1994.

Adams, Alice Dana. The Neglected Period of Anti-Slavery in America, 1808-1832. 1908. reprint, Gloucester, Ma.: Peter Smith, 1964.

Andrew, William, ed. The Oxford Frederick Douglass Reader.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Aptheker, Herbert. Abolitionism: A Revolutionary Movement. Boston: Twayne, 1989.

Aptheker, Herbert. American Negro Slave Revolts. New Edition. New York: International Publishers, 1974.

Aptheker, Herbert. Anti-Racism in U.S. History: The First Two Hundred Years. New York:   Greenwood, 1992.

Ashworth, John. Slavery, Capitalism, and Politics in the Antebellum Republic.  Vol. 1 of 2; New York: CambridgeUniv. Press, 1995.

Ayres, Edward L. Vengeance and Justice:  Crime and Punishment in the Nineteenth-Century American South.  New York:  Oxford Univ. Press, 1984.

Azevedo, Celia Maria Marinho de. Abolitionism in the United States and Brazil: A Comparative Perspective. New York: Garland, 1995.

Barnes, Gilbert H. The Antislavery Impulse, 1830-1844. 1933. Reprint, Gloucester, Ma.: Peter Smith, 1973.

Bay Mia. The White Image in the Black Mind, African-American Ideas about White People, 1830-1925.  New York: Oxford, 2000.

Bell, Caryn Cosse. Revolution, Resistance, and the Afro-Creole Protest Tradition in Louisiana, 1718-1868.  Baton Rouge:  Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1996.

Benson, Lee. The Concept of Jacksonian Democracy: New York as a Test Case. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1961.

Berlin, Ira. Slaves without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South. New York: Random House, 1974.

Billington, Ray Allen. The Protestant Crusade, 1800-1860 (1964).

Bilotta, James D. Race and the Rise of the Republican Party, 1848-1865. New York: P. Lang, 1992.

Birney, William. James G. Birney and His Times: The Genesis of the Republican Party with Some Account of the Abolitionist Movement in the South before 1828. 1890. Reprint, New York: Negro University Press, 1969.

Blackett, R.J.M. Building an Anti-Slavery Wall: Black Americans in the Atlantic Abolitionist Movement, 1830-1860. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983.

Blassingame, John W.  The Slave Community:  Plantation Life in      the Antebellum South.  New York:  Oxford Univ. Press, 1972.

David W. Blight, Frederick Douglass's Civil War: Keeping the Faith in Jubilee. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.

Blue, Frederick. The Free Soilers: Third Party Politics, 1848-54. Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1973.

Boyer, Richard O.  The Legend of John Brown:  A Biography and a History.  New York:  Knopf, 1973.

Bracy, John H., et al. eds. Blacks in the Abolitionist Movement. Belmont, Cal.: Wadsworth, 1971.

Buckmaster, Henrietta. Let My People Go: The Story of the Underground Railroad and the Growth of the Abolition Movement. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1992.

Cain, William E., ed. William Lloyd Garrison and the Fight Against Slavery (1994).

Campbell, Stanley W.  The Slave-Catchers:  Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850-1860.  Chapel Hill:  Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1970.

Carroll, Joseph C.  Slave Insurrections in the United States.  1938; reprint, New York:  Negro Univs. Press, 1968.

Carwardine, Richard.  Evangelicals and Politics in Antebellum America.  New Haven:  Yale Univ. Press, 1993.

Cheek, William F., and Aimee L. Cheek. John Mercer Langston and the Fight for Black Freedom. Champaign: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1, 1989.

Cheesebrough, David. Frederick Douglass: Oratory from Slavery. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Clark, Christopher. The Communitarian Moment: The Radical Challenge of the Northampton Association. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.

Commager, Henry Steele. Theodore Parker. Boston: Beacon, 1947.

Cover, Robert M. Justice Accused: Antislavery and the Judicial Process. New Haven, Conn.: Yale Univ. Press, 1975.

Cook, Robert. Baptism of Fire: The Republican Party of Iowa, 1838-1878. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1994.

Cott, Nancy. The Bonds of Womanhood (1977).

Craven, Avery O. The Coming of the Civil War. 2nd ed. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1957.

Cross, Whitney R. The Burned-over District: The Social and Intellectual History of Enthusiastic Religion in Western New York, 1800-1850. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1950.

Davidson, J.N. Negro Slavery in Wisconsin and the Underground Railroad. Parkman Club Publications, Milwaukee: 1897

Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 1975.

Davis, David B. The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 1966.

Davis, David B. The Slave Power Conspiracy and the Paranoid Style. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1961.

Davis, Hugh. Joshua Leavitt: Evangelical Abolitionist. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1990.

DeBoer, Clara Merritt. Be Jubilant My Feet: African American Abolitionists in the American Missionary Association, 1839-1861. New York: Garland, 1994.

D'Entremont, John. Southern Emancipator, Moncure Conway: The American Years. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1987.

Maria Dietrich. Love Across Color Lines: Ottilie Asking & Frederick Douglass. New York: Hill and Wang, 1999.

Dillon, Merton. The Abolitionists: Growth of a Dissenting Minority.  New York:  Norton, 1974.

Dillon, Merton Lynn. Slavery Attacked: Southern Slaves and their Allies, 1619-1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.

Dillon, Merton L. Benjamin Lundy and the Struggle for Negro Freedom. Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1990.

Dixon, Chris. Perfecting the Family: Antislavery Marriages in Nineteenth-Century America. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1997.

Donald, David. Lincoln Reconsidered: Essays on the Civil War Era. 2nd ed. 1956. Reprint, New York: Random House, 1961.

Duberman, Martin, ed. The Antislavery Vanguard. Princeton, N.J.:  Princeton Univ. Press, 1965.

Dumond, Dwight, The Antislavery Origins of the Civil War in the United States. 1939. Reprint, Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 1969.

Dumond, Dwight L. Antislavery: The Crusade for Freedom in America. New York: Norton, 1961.

Eaton, Clement. The Freedom-of-Thought Struggle in the Old South. New York: Harper and Row, 1964.

Eaton, Clement.  The Growth of Southern Civilization, 1790-1860.   New York: Harper and Bros., 1961.

Edelstein, Tilden.  Strange Enthusiasm:  A Life of Thomas     Wentworth Higginson.  New Haven:  Yale Univ. Press, 1968.

Egerton, Douglas B. Gabriel's Rebellion: The Virginia Slave Conspiracies of 1800 and 1802. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Elkins, Stanley M.  Slavery:  A Problem in American Institutional     and Intellectual Life.  Chicago:  Univ. of Chicago Press, 1959.

Epstein, Barbara.  The Politics of Domesticity:  Women, Evangelism, and Temperance in Nineteenth-Century America.  Middletown, Conn., 1981.

Essien-Udom, Essien Ud.  Black Nationalism:  A Search for an Identity in America.  Chicago:  Univ. of Chicago Press, 1962.

Fellman, Michael, and Lewis Perry, eds. Antislavery Reconsidered:  New Perspectives on the Abolitionists. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1979.

Fields, Barbara Jeanne.  Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground:  Maryland in the Nineteenth Century.  New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1986.

Filler, Louis. The Crusade Against Slavery, 1830-1860 (1960).

Fladeland, Betty. James Gillespie Birney: Slaveholder to Abolitionist. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 1955.

Fogel, Robert W. Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery. New York: Norton, 1989.

Foner, Eric.  Nothing But Freedom:  Emancipation and Its Legacy. Baton Rouge:  Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1983.

Foner, Philip. Frederick Douglass: A Biography. New York: Citadel Press, 1964.

Foner, Philip S. The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass, 6 vols. New York, 1950-1975.

Foner, Philip S. and Herbert Shapiro. Northern Labor and Antislavery: A Documentary History. Westport: Greenwood, 1994.

Fredrickson, George. The Black Image in the White Mind: The Debate on Afro-American Character and Destiny, 1817-1914. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.

Fredrickson, George M. The Arrogance of Race: Historical Perspectives on Slavery, Racism, and Social Inequality. Middleton, Conn.: Wesleyan Univ. Press, 1988.

Frederick, George M. The Black Image in the White Mind: The Debate on Afro-American Character and Destiny, 1877-1964. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.

Freehling, Alison Goodyear. Drift Toward Dissolution: The Virginia Slavery Debate of 1831-1832. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1982.

Freehling, William W. Prelude to the Civil War: The Nullification Controversy. New York: Harper and Row, 1966.

Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion. 2vols. projected. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1990.

Frey, Sylvia R.  Water From the Rock:  Black Resistance in a Revolutionary Age.  Princeton, N.J.:  Princeton Univ. Press, 1991.

Friedman, Lawrence J. Gregarious Saints: Self and Community in American Abolition 1830-1870. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Frothingham, Octavius Brooks.  Gerrit Smith:  A Biography.  1878; reprint, New York:  Negro Univs. Press, 1969.

Gara, Larry. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. Lexington: Univ. of Kentucky Press, 1961.

Garrison, Wendell Phillips, and Francis Jackson Garrison. William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1889: The Story of His Life Told by His Children. 4 vols. New York: Century, 1885-89.

Gates, Henry Lewis. Figures in Black: Words, Signs, and the "Racial" Self. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Genovese, Eugene D. From Rebellion to Revolution: Afro-American Slave Revolts in the Making of the Modern World. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1979.

Genovese, Eugene D. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Pantheon, 1974.

Gilroy Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Gerteis, Louis S. Morality and Utility in American Antislavery Reform. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Goodheart, Lawrence B. and Hugh Hawkins. The Abolitionists: Means, Ends, and Motivations. 3rd Ed. Lexington: D.C. Heath and Co., 1995.

Goodman, Paul. Of One Blood: Abolitionism and the Origins of Racial Equality Berkeley: The University of California Press, 1998.

Gougeon, Len. Virtue's Hero: Emerson, Antislavery, and Reform. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1990.

Gregory, James M. Frederick Douglass, the Orator. 1893. New York: Apollo Editions, 1971.

Grimstead, David. American Mobbing, 1828-1861. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Guy, Anita Aidt. Maryland's Persistent Pursuit to End Slavery, 1850-1864. New York: Garland, 1997.

Hallowell, Anna Davis. James and Lucretia Mott: Life and Letters. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1885.

Harold, Stanley. Gamaliel Bailey and Antislavery Union. Kent State Univ. Press, 1986.

Harold, Stanley. The Abolitionists and the South, 1831-1861. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995.

Hart, Albert Bushnell. Slavery and Abolition, 1831-1841. 1906. Reprint, New York: New American Library, 1969.

Hinks, Peter. To Awaken My Afflicted Brethren. University Park: Penn State University Press, 1997.

Hodges, Graham. Root and Branch. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Horton, James and Lois Horton. Free People of Color: Inside the Black Community. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Press, 1993.

Horton, James and Lois Horton. In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community, and Protest Among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860. New York:  Oxford University Press, 1997.

Howard, Victor B. Conscience and Slavery: The Evangelistic Domestic Missions, 1837-1861. Kent, Ohio: Kent State Univ. Press, 1990.

Howard, Victor B. The Evangelical War against Slavery and Caste: The Life and Times of John G. Free. Senlinsgrove, Pa.: Susquehanna University Press, 1996.

Howe, Daniel Walker. The Political Culture of the American Whigs. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1979.

Huggins, Nathan Irvin. Slave and Citizen: The Life of Frederick Douglass. Oscar Handlin, ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.

Hunt, Alfred N. Haiti's Influence on Antebellum America: Slumbering Volcano in the Caribbean. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1988.

Jacobs, Donald M. Courage and Conscience: Black and White Abolitionists in Boston. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.

Jeffrey, Julie Roy. The Great Silent Army of Abolitionism: Ordinary Women in the Antislavery Movement. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Jennings, Lawrence C. French Reaction to British Slave Emancipation. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

Johnson, Oliver. William Lloyd Garrison and His Times: Or Sketches of the Anti-Slavery Movement in America. 1881. Reprint, Miami: Mnemosyn, 1969.

Johnson, Paul. A Shopkeeper's Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815-1837 (1978).

Jones, Howard. Mutiny on the "Amistad": The Saga of a Slave Revolt and Its Impact on American Abolition, Law, and Diplomacy. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1986.

Karcher, Carolyn L. The First Woman of the Republic: A Cultural Biography of Lydia

Kraditor, Aileen. Means and Ends in American Abolitionism: Garrison and his critics on Strategy and Tactics 1834-1850. New York: Pantheon Books, 1969.

Kraut, Alan M., ed. Crusaders and Compromisers: Essays in the Relationship of the Antislavery Struggle to the Antebellum Party System. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1983.

Lawrence Levine.  Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977. 

Levine, Robert. Martin Delany, Frederick Douglass and the Politics of Representative Identity. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Litwack, Leon. North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States, 1790-1860. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1960.

Litwack, Leon, and August Meier, eds. Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century. Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1988.

Lofton, John.  Denmark Vesey's Revolt:  The Slave Plot that Lit a     Fuse to Fort Sumter.  Kent, OH:  Kent State Univ. Press, 1983.

Lorimer, Douglas. Color, Class and the Victorians: English Attitudes to the Negro in the Mid-nineteenth century. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1978.

Mabee, Carlton. Black Freedom: The Nonviolent Abolitionists from 1830 through the Civil War. London: Macmillan, 1970.

Magdol, Edward.  The Antislavery Rank and File:  A Social Profile of the Abolitionists' Constituency.  Westport, Ct.:  Greenwood, 1986.

Martin, Waldo. The Mind of Frederick Douglass. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.

Maizlish, Stephen.  The Triumph of Sectionalism:  The Transformation of Ohio Politics:  1844-1856. (Kent, Ohio: Kent State Univ. Press, 1983.

McDougall, Marion Gleason.  Fugitive Slaves, 1619-1865.     Freeport, N.Y.:  Books for Libraries Press, 1971.

McFeely, William. Frederick Douglass. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1991.

McGlynn, Frank, Ed. Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, 1992.

McGowan, James A. Station Master on the Underground Railroad: The Life and Letters of Thomas Garrett. Moylan, Pa.: Whimsie Press, 1977.

McInerney, Daniel John. The Fortunate Heirs of Freedom: Abolition & Republican Thought. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

McKivigan, John R. The War against Proslavery Religion: Abolitionism and the Northern Churches, 1830-1865. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press, 1984.

McKivigan, John R. and Stanley Harold, eds. Antislavery Violence in Antebellum America: Essays on Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999. 

McKivigan, John R. and Mitchell Snay, eds.  Religion and the Antebellum Debate over Slavery.  Athens:  Univ. of Georgia            Press, 1998.

McManus, Michael J. Political Abolitionism in Wisconsin, 1840-1861. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1998.

McPherson, James M. The Abolitionist Legacy: From Reconstruction to the NAACP. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1975.

McPherson, James.  The Negro's Civil War.  New York:  Vintage,      1965.

McPherson, James M. Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction. 2d ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992.

McPherson, James M. The Struggle for Equality: Abolitionists and the Negro in the Civil War and Reconstruction. Princeton University Press, 1964.

Marshall, Peter D. Bristol and the Abolition of Slavery: The Politics of Emancipation. Local history pamphlets; no. 37. Bristol: Bristol Branch of the Historical Association, The University, 1975.

Melish, Joanne Pope. Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and "Race" in New England, 1780-1860. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Merrill, Walter. Against the Wind: A Biography of Wm. Lloyd Garrison. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1963.

Miller, Douglass T. Frederick Douglass and the Fight for Freedom. New York: Facts On File, 1988.

Moses, Wilson J.  The Golden Age of Black Nationalism, 1850-1925. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1978.

Nash, Gary B.  Forging Freedom:  The Formation of Philadelphia's Black Community, 1720-1840.  Cambridge, Mass.:  Harvard Univ. Press, 1988.

Nash, Gary B, and Richard Weiss, eds.  The Great Fear:  Race in the Mind of America.  New York:  Rinehart and Winston, 1970.

Nash, Gary B. Race and Revolution. Madison: Madison House, 1990.

Nash, Gary and Jean Soderlund. Freedom by Degrees: Emancipation and its Aftermath in Pennsylvania... New York: 1991.

Newman, Richard (editor, with Patrick Rael and Phillip Lapsansky). Pamphlets of Protest, An Anthology of Early African American Protest Literature, 1790-1860. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Nye, Russell B. Fettered Freedom: Civil Liberties and the Slavery Controversy, 1830-1860. East Lansing: Michigan State Univ. Press, 1963.

Nye, Russell Blaine.  Society and Culture in America, 1830-1860.     New York:  Harper and row, 1974

Nye, Russell B. William Lloyd Garrison and the Humanitarian Reformers (1955).

Oates, Stephen B. The Fires of the Jubilee: Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion. New York: Harper and Row, 1975

Oates, Stephen B. To Purge This Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown. Amherst: University of Massachusetts, 1970.

Preston, Dickson J. Young Frederick Douglass: The Maryland Years. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.

Pease, Jane H., Bound With Them in Chains: A Biographical History of the Antislavery Movement. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1972.

Pease, William and Jane H. Pease. They Who Would Be Free: Black's Search for Freedom 1830-1861. New York: Atheneum Press, 1974.

Perry, Lewis. Radical Abolitionism: Anarchy and the Government of God in Antislavery Thought. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995.

Perry, Lewis and Michael Fellman. Antislavery Reconsidered: New Perspectives on the Abolitionists. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1979.

Potter, David M.  The Impending Crisis, 1848-1861.  New York: Harper and Row, 1976.

Preston, Dickson. Young Frederick Douglass: The Maryland Years. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.

Quarles, Benjamin. Black Abolitionists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Quarles, Benjamin. Frederick Douglass. New York: Atheneum, 1948 (reprint, 1968).

Quist, John. Restless Visionaries. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998.

Randall, James G. The Civil War and Reconstruction. New York: Heath, 1937.

Rael, Patrick. Colored Americans: Forging Black Protest in the Antebellum North. Chapel Hill, The University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Ratner, Lorman. Powder Keg: Northern Opposition to the Antislavery Movement (1968).

Renehan, Edward J. Jr.  The Secret Six:  The True Tale of the Men    Who Conspired with John Brown.  New York: Crown, 1995.

Rice, C. Duncan. The Scots Abolitionists 1833-1861. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981.

Richards, Leonard L. "Gentlemen of Property and Standing": Anti-Abolition Mobs in Jacksonian America (1971).

Richards, Leonard L. The Life and Times of Congressman John Quincy Adams.  New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1986.

Richardson, Marilyn. Maria W. Stewart: America’s First Black Political Activist. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.

Ripley, C. Peter. Witness for Freedom: African American Voices on Race, Slavery, and Emancipation. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Roediger, David R.  The Wages of Whiteness:  Race and the Making of the American Working Class.  New York:  Verso, 1991.

Rogers, William B. "We Are All Together Now": Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, and the Prophetic Tradition. New York: Garland, 1995.

Rossbach, Jeffrey.  Ambivalent Conspirators:  John Brown, the Secret Six, and a Theory of Slave Violence.  Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1982.

Sanchez-Eppler, Karen. Touching Liberty: Abolition, Feminism, and the Politics of the Body. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Saxton, Alexander.  The Rise and Fall of the White Republic: Class Politics and Mass Culture in Nineteenth-Century America.  New York:  Verso, 1990.

Schwartz, Harold.  Samuel Gridley Howe:  Social Reformer, 1801-   1876.  Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1956.

Scott, Otto J.  The Secret Six:  John Brown and the Abolitionist Movement.  New York: Times Books, 1979.

Sears, Richard D. The Kentucky Abolitionists in the Midst of Slavery. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 1993.

Sewell, Richard H. Ballots for Freedom: Antislavery Politics in the United States, 1837-1860. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1976.

Siebert, Wilbur H.  The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom.  1898; reprint, New York:  Russell and Russell, 1967.

Slaughter, Thomas P.  Bloody Dawn:  The Christiana Riot and Racial Violence in the Antebellum North.  New York:  Oxford Univ. Press, 1991.

Smith, Timothy L. Revivalism and Social Reform (1957).

Soderlund, Jean. Quakers and Slavery: A Divided Spirit. New York: (Princeton, 1985).

Sorin, Gerald. The New York Abolitionists: A Case Study of Political Radicalism. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1971.

Stanton, William R. The Leopard's Spots: Scientific Attitudes Toward Race in America, 1815-1859. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1960

John Stauffer. The Black Hearts of Men Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race.  Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002,

Stewart, James Brewer.  Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery. 1976. 2d ed. New York: Hill and Wang, 1997.

Stewart, James Brewer. Joshua R. Giddings and the Tactics of Radical Politics. Cleveland: Case Western Reserve Univ. Press, 1970.

Stewart, James Brewer. (with George Price). ‘To Heal the Scourge of Prejudice’: The Life and Writings of Hosea Easton. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1998.

Stewart, James Brewer.  Wendell Phillips, Liberty's Hero. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1986.

Still, William. The Underground Railroad. 1871. Reprint, Chicago: Johnson Publishing, 1970.

Strong, Douglas M. Perfectionist Politics: Abolitionism and the Religious Tensions of American Democracy. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1998.

Sundquist, Eric (ed.). Frederick Douglass: New Literary and Historical Essays. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Temperley, Howard. British Anti-Slavery 1833-1970. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1972.

Tyler, Alice Felt. Freedom's Ferment: Phases of American Social History form the Colonial Period to the Outbreak of the Civil War. New York: Harper and Row, 1944.

Ullman, Victor.  Martin R. Delany:  The Beginnings of Black Nationalism.  Boston:  Beacon, 1971.

Volpe, Vernon L. Forlorn Hope of Freedom: The Liberty Party in the Old Northwest, 1838-1848. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1990.

Vorenberg, Michael. Final Freedom: The Civil War, the End of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment. Thesis (Ph.D.) - Harvard University, 1995.

Walker, Peter. Moral Choice: Memory, Desire, and Imagination in Nineteenth Century American Abolition. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978.

Walters, Ronald. The Antislavery Appeal: American Abolitionism after 1830. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Washington, Booker T. Frederick Douglass. Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs & Company, 1906.

Werner, John M.  Reaping the Bloody Harvest:  Race Riots in the United States during the Age of Jackson, 1824-1849.  New York:  Garland, 1986.

Wiecek, William M.  The Sources of Antislavery Constitutionalism in America, 1760-1848.  Ithaca, N.Y.:  Cornell Univ. Press, 1977.

Wilson, Carol.  Freedom at Risk:  The Kidnapping of Free Blacks    in America, 1780-1865.  Lexington:  Univ. Press of Kentucky,        1994.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. Lewis Tappan and the Evangelical War Against Slavery. Cleveland: Case-Western Reserve Univ. Press, 1969.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram.  Southern Honor:  Ethics and Behavior in the Old South.  New York:  Oxford Univ. Press, 1982.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram.  Yankee Saints and Southern Sinners.  Baton Rouge:  Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1985.

Yee, Shirley J. Black Women Abolitionists: A Study in Activism, 1828-1860. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

Yacavone, Donald. Samuel Joseph May and the Dilemmas of the Liberal Persuasion, 1797-1871. Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press, 1991.

Yacovone, Donald. A Voice of Thunder, A Black Soldier’s Civil War. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Yellin, Jean Fagan and John C. Van Horne. The Abolitionist Sisterhood: Women's Political Culture in Antebellum America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Young, R.J. Antebellum Black Activists: Race, Gender, and Self. New York: Garland Pub., 1996.

Zilversmit, Arthur. The First Emancipation: The Abolition of Slavery in the North (1967).